Bone cancer is caused inside the bones of the body and affects the tissues surrounding it. It can be transferred to the other body parts like the liver, lungs thus damaging it. The treatment of any bone cancer usually includes operation surgery.
It is mainly of two types: Primary and Secondary Bone cancer. The probability of occurring primary cancer is very less as compare to secondary which is very common. Now we will discuss the main two types of cancer:
Primary Bone Cancers
The tumor developed inside the cells of bone can spread to other parts or cannot spread to other parts of a human body. These are either cancerous or non-cancerous tumors depending upon the spreading to other parts of the body
Examples of non-cancerous bone tumors are osteochondroma, enchondroma and cancerous bone cancer are chondrosarcomas, fibrosarcoma, etc.
Secondary Bone Cancers
As we talk about the secondary bone cancer type. They are more common in adults than primary bone cancer, as the name suggests the cancer is spread to the bone from other cancer elsewhere in the body. People diagnosed with breast cancer especially in women are more vulnerable to bone cancer. These cancers contribute to fatigue and frequent high pain in the bones.
Symptoms often occur with the start of frequent pain around the affected area. If not detected earlier, the pain gets growing and worsen the condition of the person. Other symptoms include:
· swelling around the affected area
· abrupt weight loss
· night sweats and fever
If you have these symptoms persist over a long time then it is better to get a full-body check-up and scan of your body. If you are looking for the best hospital in Rohtak area than contact positron for consultation and treatment process
Diagnosis and risk factors
Scientists are working very hard to determine the cause of cancer cells that develop inside a human body but for every individual, it is a bit different. But there are known risk factors that contribute to the growth of these abnormal cells which includes:
· genes in a family who have bone cancer in the past
· unhealthy eating
· past bone marrow transplant
For diagnosing a person when a doctor suspects the patient having bone cancer can be done using:
- CT scans: indicating the spread of cancer
- MRI scan: providing an outline of the tumor
- X-rays: for general purpose chest screening for detecting cancer
The treatment process is dependent on various factors like the type, location, and the spread of cancer. The most common technique used for the treatment process is Surgery. It includes removing the tumor affected part of the body so that further growth of cells is stoped.
Other processes of treatment include:
- Radiation therapy- High energy X rays are used to destroy abnormal tumor cells
- Chemotherapy – Powerful medications are given to the patients in order to stop the growth of tumor
- Cryosurgery – It is an exception surgery where liquid nitrogen is used for freezing of tumor cells and destroying it for stopping its growth.